Economía marxista para el Siglo XXI

This paper summarizes Robert C. Allen, Farm to Factory: A Reinterpretation of the
Soviet Industrial Revolution., Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2003.
A Reassessment of the Soviet Industrial Revolution
Robert C. Allen, FRSC, FBA, email:
Professor of Economic History
Oxford University
Soviet economic performance is usually dismissed as a failure. In contrast, I argue,the Soviet economy performed well. Japan was certainly the most successful developingeconomy of the twentieth century, but the USSR ranked just behind it. This success wouldnot have occurred without the 1917 revolution or the planned development of state ownedindustry. Planning led to high rates of capital accumulation, rapid GDP growth, and risingper capita consumption even in the 1930s. The collectivization of agriculture was notnecessary for rapid growth–I argue that industrial development would have been almost asfast had the five year plans been carried out within the frame work of the NEP–but it none-the-less nudged up the growth rate.
The rapid growth in per capita income was contingent not just on the rapid expansionof GDP but also on the slow growth of the population. This was primarily due to a rapidfertility transition rather than a rise in mortality from collectivization, political repression, orthe Second World War. Falling birth rates were primarily due to the education andemployment of women outside the home. These policies, in turn, were the results ofenlightenment ideology in its communist variant.


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