Economía marxista para el Siglo XXI


Alvaro-Garcia-Linera_LRZIMA20130126_0039_11In his impor­tant arti­cle about the his­tory of Marx­ism and Indi­an­ismo in Bolivia, Álvaro Gar­cía Lin­era tells the story of the “missed encounter of the two rev­o­lu­tion­ary rea­sons.”1 He presents the post-colonial Boli­vian con­text as a space of com­plex engage­ments for the Marx­ist tra­di­tion. One must con­tend, for instance, with the explicit rejec­tion of Marx­ism in the case of Fausto Reinaga, founder of a force­ful and rad­i­cal cur­rent of “Indi­an­ismo,” which has inspired theIndi­an­ista polit­i­cal par­ties and social move­ments since the 1970s. Reinaga claimed that Marx­ism, espoused by the Movimiento Nacional­ista Rev­olu­cionario (MNR) and the Boli­vian National Rev­o­lu­tion of 1952 (in which he had par­tic­i­pated), did noth­ing for the eman­ci­pa­tion of Indi­ans, either the­o­ret­i­cally or prac­ti­cally. He pro­posed Indi­an­ismo as the ide­ol­ogy that would sup­plant what he came to regard as a use­less, “for­eign” the­ory. This “native” pro­posal, his­tor­i­cally tested on the Andean soil, would instead put the…

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