Economía marxista para el Siglo XXI

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Peking University threatens to close down Marxism society

President Xi Jinping visits the Marxist literature centre at Peking University in May to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Karl Marx’s birth © Xinhua/REX/Shutterstock

Students continue to back workers in dispute over trade union rights

China’s most prestigious university has threatened to shut down its student Marxist society amid a continuing police crackdown on students who support workers in a dispute over trade union organisation. Under China’s Communist party, Marxism has been part of the compulsory university curriculum for decades. But universities are now under pressure to embrace “Xi Jinping thought” as the president strengthens his ideological control over the nation. The government is also inspecting primary and secondary school textbooks to remove foreign content. Peking University’s Marxist Society was not able to re-register for the new academic year because it did not have the backing required from teachers, the society said. “Everyone can see what the Peking University Marxist Society has done over the past few years to speak out for marginalised groups on campus,” it added. The threat to close the society follows a summer of student and worker unrest in the Chinese manufacturing hub of Shenzhen. Students from Peking and other elite Chinese universities were detained for supporting workers trying to organise a trade union at a Jasic Technology factory. While workers’ protests have become more common in China, the support of a small yet growing student movement has made the Jasic protests politically sensitive. Zhan Zhenzhen, a member of the Marxist Society at Peking University, was among those arrested in Shenzhen last month. In July, police detained about 30 workers in the biggest such arrest since 2015. In August, police wearing riot gear stormed a student dormitory and took away about 40 students who had been supporting the workers, according to witnesses. Recommended Jamil Anderlini China is at risk of becoming a colonialist power Mr Zhan and the Marxist Society initiated an investigation into working conditions for low-paid workers at Peking University this year. The group said its focus was labour rights, and it gained media attention in 2015 when it published an earlier working conditions report. The Marxist Society said it had approached teachers in the university’s department of Marxism for support with registration but had been refused, with no explanation. A teacher from another department had volunteered to register the society but said his offer was rejected by the university’s Student Society Committee. The university’s Marxism department did not respond immediately to a request for comment. The Student Society Committee declined to comment. Mr Xi visited Peking University this year to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Karl Marx’s birth. “Peking University is the first place to spread and study Marxism in China. It makes a great contribution to the spread of Marxism and the foundation of China’s Communist Party,” he said at the time.

Source: Financial Times

¿Gobierna la burocracia capitalista en lugar de los capitalistas?: reseña crítica de libro de Duménil y Lévy

The capitalist mode of production is coming to an end. But it is not being replaced by socialism. Instead, there is a new mode of production, based on a managerial class that has been forming in the last hundred years. This managerial class does not exploit the working class for surplus value and its accumulation […]

a través de Managers rule, not capitalists? — Michael Roberts Blog

David Harvey and Marxism – an incompatible relationship

Stavros Mavroudeas

 

There is a very clever definition about the poseur (in more derogatory plain English the popinjay). The definition goes as follows: a poseur is someone that is good in one thing which he underestimates because he thinks that he is very good in something else in which he is totally useless.

David Harvey is a typical example of such a poseur. He was a very competent economic geographer but he chose to abandon his field of expertise for becoming a self and media-proclaimed doyen in Marxist Political Economy. Since this turn he went from one blunder to the other but each time achieving a tremendous publicity by the media of the frivolous softy Western Left. He endeavoured in economic analysis making absurd and lousy arguments which discredited Marxism (and were easily disparaged by Mainstreamers like Brad DeLong). He then took on to explain Marx and rectify Marxism with equal incompetence.

He meddled with the theory of imperialism proposing his ‘New Imperialism’ thesis. The latter argues that modern imperialism is based on (violent) direct extraction (expropriation) rather than on indirect economic exploitation. In this way he unwarrantedly equated capitalist imperialism with pre-capitalist imperialism. Pre-capitalist imperialism operated within pre-capitalist modes of production. The latter were systems of exploitation based on relations of violence and power; that is on the direct forceful obligation of the exploited classes. A serf was not asked if he wanted to be one; he was obliged to be. On the contrary, capitalism is a system of exploitation based on the economy; that is on indirect economic exploitation. No capitalist obliges a labourer to become his employee (and thus be exploited by the capitalist). The only thing that obliges the latter is his inability to sustain himself otherwise. Harvey’s ‘New Imperialism’ inspired several other equally superficial theorists (for example some Marxisant proponents of ‘financialisation’) in following his utterly erroneous path.

Read full article: https://wordpress.com/read/feeds/280189/posts/1818353040

Grecia: más elementos para un balance de Syriza — Rolando Astarita [Blog]

Alexis Tsipras y el partido Syriza ganaron las elecciones griegas, en enero de 2015, en medio de una ola de entusiasmo. Habían prometido acabar con las medidas de austeridad, recuperar la economía y permanecer en el euro. Pero en julio Tsipras aceptó un programa de rescate de la Unión Europea, el FMI y el Banco […]

via Grecia: más elementos para un balance de Syriza — Rolando Astarita [Blog]

Todo lo sólido se desvanece en las urnas

Raúl Zibechi

Hace cuatro décadas, el intelectual y militante peruano Alberto Flores Galindo desgranaba su opinión sobre las elecciones, en un breve comentario a propósito de los resultados de las votaciones para la Asamblea Constituyente, en las que el dirigente campesino-indígena Hugo Blanco obtuvo 30 por ciento de los sufragios, en junio de 1978.
“El voto universal, individual y secreto ha sido una invención genial de la burguesía. El día de una votación las clases y grupos sociales se disgregan en una serie de individuos que dejan de pensar colectivamente, como sí ocurre en las huelgas, las manifestaciones o cualquier otro acto de protesta, y en la ‘cámara secreta’ emergen entonces las dudas, los temores, las incertidumbres que llevan a optar por lo establecido, por el pasado y no por el cambio” ( Obras Completas, tomo V, Lima, 1997, p. 89).
Flores Galindo fue uno de los más consecuentes y notables pensadores en los años 70 y 80, cuando el Perú estaba atenazado entre la violencia estatal y la de Sendero Luminoso, en una guerra que tuvo un costo de más de 70 mil muertos. Su investigación Buscando un Inca: identidad y utopía en los Andes, publicada en 1986, obtuvo el Premio Ensayo de Casa de las Américas en Cuba. Fue fundador de SUR, Casa de Estudios del Socialismo, que agrupó a buena parte de la intelectualidad de la época, y militó en el Partido Unificado Mariateguista, al que también pertenecía Hugo Blanco.

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Una izquierda para el siglo XXI

Raúl Zibechi

En los años 60 y 70 quien se incorporaba a la militancia escuchaba a menudo una frase: “Ser como el Che”. Con ella se sintetizaba una ética, una conducta, un modo de asumir la acción colectiva inspirada en el personaje que –con la entrega de su vida– se había convertido en brújula de una generación.

“Ser como el Che” era un lema que no pretendía que los militantes siguieran punto por punto el ejemplo de quien se había convertido en referencia ineludible. Era otra cosa. No un modelo a seguir, sino inspiración ética que implicaba una serie de renuncias, esas sí, a imagen y semejanza de la vida del Che.

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Para recordar a Meiksins Wood (1942-2016): Gran Bretaña y el paradigma burgués (1991)

El pasado 14 de enero murió la historiadora, politóloga y filósofa marxista Ellen Meiksins Wood, una de las personalidades intelectualmente más fértiles y sólidas del pensamiento socialista de las últimas décadas. Nació en Nueva York (1942), en el seno de una familia de emigrantes judío-letones en la tradición socialista del Bund. Casada en primer matrimonio con el historiador y filósofo político Neal Wood (1922-2003), una generación mayor que ella, quedó sin duda influida por la temprana crítica de Wood al neorrepublicanismo académico –centrado exclusivamente en la crítica lingüística de textos y discursos, con casi total ignorancia del contexto histórico y de las fuerzas sociales y políticas reales en acción— de autores como Pocock y Quentin Skinner. Frente a eso, Neal Wood defendió una visión marxista del republicanismo, así como una concepción republicana del marxismo. (más…)

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