Economía marxista para el Siglo XXI

Archivo para la Categoría "Rosa Luxemburgo"

El Berlín de Rosa Luxemburgo

"Puente de Rosa Luxemburgo" un paso de peatones sobre el Landwehrkanal, el canal construido en Berlín a mediados del siglo XIX para aliviar la carga de circulación sobre el río Spree. Aquí fueron arrojados los cuerpos de Rosa y Karl Liebknecht.

“Puente de Rosa Luxemburgo” un paso de peatones sobre el Landwehrkanal, el canal construido en Berlín a mediados del siglo XIX para aliviar la carga de circulación sobre el río Spree. Aquí fueron arrojados los cuerpos de Rosa y Karl Liebknecht.

Víctor Montoya
Rebelión

La tarde que me encontré con la escritora argentina Esther Andradi, quien reside en Berlín desde hace muchísimos años, lo primero que se nos ocurrió, entre la emoción de conocernos en persona y compartir opiniones, fue visitar el lugar donde fue victimada Rosa Luxemburgo, la revolucionaria marxista que nació en Polonia en 1871 y murió en Alemania en 1919. Tenía mucho interés por saber algo más sobre ella, que es una de las mujeres emblemáticas  del movimiento obrero internacional, cuyo compromiso político la enfrentó tanto al machismo patriarcal como al sistema capitalista.

Rosa Luxemburgo era hija de un comerciante maderero judío en un pequeño poblado de Polonia. Creció en Varsovia, egresó del colegio secundario a los 18 años de edad y asumió las posturas de la izquierda radical, que amenazaban con lanzarla a la cárcel. Entonces emigró a Suiza, donde prosiguió sus estudios universitarios. Su capacidad intelectual era tan prodigiosa que cursó simultáneamente filosofía, historia, derecho, política, economía y matemáticas en la Universidad de Zúrich . (más…)

Finance and the realization problem in Rosa Luxemburg: a ‘circuitist’ reappraisal – Riccardo Bellfiore and Marco Passarella

Article showing that Rosa Luxemburg’s analysis of capitalist accumulation is framed within a ‘circuitist’ macroeconomic reading of capitalism as a monetary production economy

Introduction
The aim of this chapter is to show that Rosa Luxemburg’s analysis of capitalist accumulation is framed within a ‘circuitist’ macroeconomic reading of capitalism as a monetary production economy. The strengths and limits of her approach are to be found elsewhere than suggested by usual criticisms, especially those advocated by Marxist authors. Rosa Luxemburg cannot be reduced to the uncertain theoretical status of an ‘under-consumptionist’. On the contrary, she presents a clear (although incomplete) picture of the macro-monetary and sequential working of the capitalist process.

This chapter is organized as follows. The next section examines Luxemburg’s comments on how the enlarged reproduction scheme is introduced in volume II of Marx’s Capital. The third, fourth, and fifth
sections summarize, first, the orthodox attack by Bukharin, and then the more sympathetic interpretations provided by Michał Kalecki and Joan Robinson. The sixth and seventh sections emphasize the affinities and differences of Luxemburg’s circuitist perspective with the contemporary theory of the monetary circuit. The eighth section concentrates on the problem of the monetization of profits and interests. Some concluding remarks are provided in the last section. (más…)

Rosa Luxemburg

Imagen

Tony Cliff’s

The Accumulation of Capital

During the years 1906-13 Rosa Luxemburg lectured on political economy at a German Social Democratic Party school of activists. While doing so she prepared a book on Marxian economics entitled Introduction to Political Economy. When about to conclude the basic draft she met with an unexpected difficulty:

I could not succeed in depicting the total process of capitalist production in all its practical relations and with its objective historical limitations with sufficient clarity. Closer examination of the matter then convinced me that it was a question of rather more than the mere art of representation, and that a problem remained to be solved which is connected with the theoretical matter of Volume II of Marx’s Capital and at the same time closely connected with present-day imperialist politics and their economic roots.

In this way Rosa Luxemburg came to write her major theoretical work, The Accumulation of Capital: A Contribution to an Economic Explanation of Imperialism (Berlin, 1913). The book is not at all easy to follow, especially for anyone not conversant with Marx’s Capital. At the same time, without doubt, Rosa Luxemburg’s contribution, whether one agrees with it or not, is one of the most, if not the most, important and original contributions to Marxian economic doctrine since Capital. (más…)

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