Economía marxista para el Siglo XXI

Archivo para la Categoría "Teoría del crecimiento"

Michel Husson.La teoría de las ondas largas y la crisis del capitalismo contemporáneo.

No hay mejor manera de rendir homenaje a Ernest Mandel que aplicar su método: el de un marxismo vivo,
no dogmático. Y la profundidad de la crisis actual hace tanto más necesaria una reevaluación crítica de las
herramientas de análisis que nos legó. Esta contribución intentará responder a esta cuestión: ¿la teoría de
las ondas largas es un marco adecuado para el análisis de la crisis actual, de su génesis, y del nuevo
período que abre?
Después de haber recordado las grandes líneas de esta teoría, intentaremos aplicarla al conjunto de la fase
neoliberal del capitalismo, alternando las consideraciones teóricas y las observaciones empíricas.
Llevaremos a cabo este examen siguiendo dos hilos conductores. El primero, que el capitalismo neoliberal
corresponde a una fase recesiva cuyo rasgo esencial es la capacidad del capitalismo para restablecer la
tasa de beneficio a pesar de una tasa de acumulación estancada y de mediocres aumentos de
productividad. El segundo, que no están reunidas las condiciones para el paso a una nueva onda expansiva
y que se abre un período de “regulación caótica”.

http://www.vientosur.info/IMG/pdf/Ondas_largasHusson.pdf

Farm to Factory: A Reinterpretation of the Soviet Industrial Revolution

Farm_to_Factory
This paper summarizes Robert C. Allen, Farm to Factory: A Reinterpretation of the
Soviet Industrial Revolution., Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2003.
A Reassessment of the Soviet Industrial Revolution
Robert C. Allen, FRSC, FBA, email: bob.allen@nuffield.oxford.ac.uk
Professor of Economic History
Oxford University
Soviet economic performance is usually dismissed as a failure. In contrast, I argue,the Soviet economy performed well. Japan was certainly the most successful developingeconomy of the twentieth century, but the USSR ranked just behind it. This success wouldnot have occurred without the 1917 revolution or the planned development of state ownedindustry. Planning led to high rates of capital accumulation, rapid GDP growth, and risingper capita consumption even in the 1930s. The collectivization of agriculture was notnecessary for rapid growth–I argue that industrial development would have been almost asfast had the five year plans been carried out within the frame work of the NEP–but it none-the-less nudged up the growth rate.
The rapid growth in per capita income was contingent not just on the rapid expansionof GDP but also on the slow growth of the population. This was primarily due to a rapidfertility transition rather than a rise in mortality from collectivization, political repression, orthe Second World War. Falling birth rates were primarily due to the education andemployment of women outside the home. These policies, in turn, were the results ofenlightenment ideology in its communist variant.

Revitalizing Marxist Theory for Today’s Capitalism

Research in Political Economy, v. 27, 2011

Part I: Growth and Finance: Mainstream Limitations and Marxist Insights

A Critique of Mainstream Growth Theory: Ways Out of the Neoclassical Science (-Fiction) and Toward Marxism
Rémy Herrera (pp. 3 – 63)

From Growth Stagnation to Financial Crisis: Unproductive Labor as a Missing Link in Mainstream Theory
Robert Chernomas, Fletcher Baragar (pp. 65 – 80)

Crisis Theory and the Great Recession: A Personal Journey, from Marx to Minsky
Riccardo Bellofiore (pp. 81 – 120)

“Financial” vs. “Real”: An Overview of the Contradictory Role of Finance
Özgür Orhangazi (pp. 121 – 148)

Part II: Discovering and Renewing Marxist Theory

Nikolai Sieber: An Introduction to a Political Economist Approved by Marx
James D. White (pp. 151 – 154)

Marx’s Economic Theory
Nikolai Ivanovich Sieber (pp. 155 – 190)

The Value and Price of Information Commodities: An Assessment of the South Korean Controversy
Heesang Jeon (pp. 191 – 222)

Lenin’s Economics: A Marxian Critique
Seongjin Jeong (pp. 223 – 254)

Class Struggle in Production and Devalorization of Capital
A.D. Magaline (pp. 255 – 268)

Part III: Debating Positivist Marxism

Marxism, Crisis, and Economic Laws: A Comment
Gary Mongiovi (pp. 271 – 284)
Crisis, Marxism, and Economic Laws: A Response to Gary Mongiovi
Alan Freeman (pp. 285 – 296)

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