Economía marxista para el Siglo XXI

Archivo para la Categoría "Tasa de ganancia"

“Cien años de acumulación de capital en Argentina: tasa de ganancia, composición del capital y distribución del producto”: Esteban Ezequiel Maito —

Resumen El presente trabajo analiza la acumulación de capital en Argentina durante el último siglo. A lo largo del mismo se observa un sostenido descenso de la tasa de ganancia, explicado principalmente por el crecimiento de la composición del capital y la tendencia a la sobreacumulación relativa de capital. Se presenta, tanto para la tasa […]

a través de “Cien años de acumulación de capital en Argentina: tasa de ganancia, composición del capital y distribución del producto”: Esteban Ezequiel Maito —

John Bellamy Foster and permanent stagnation — Michael Roberts Blog

Part of the Marxism conference in London that finished last weekend was a panel on: “Are we heading for another slump?” The speakers were myself, Joseph Choonara, author of Unravelling Capitalism and John Bellamy Foster (JBF), the editor of the US Monthly Review a longstanding journal of Marxist thought founded by Marxist economists Paul Sweezy and […]

a través de John Bellamy Foster and permanent stagnation — Michael Roberts Blog

Las ganancias de las empresas se disparan

The Economist advierte
“¡Los beneficios son demasiado elevados!”
Investigaction
Traducido del francés por Beatriz Morales Bastos.
No somos nosotros ni el gobierno quienes viven por encima de sus posibilidades, son los ultrarricos. Generar los megabeneficios de las grandes empresas no es sostenible ni social ni económicamente. El analista político Marc Vandepitte nos explica por qué y esboza cómo invertir la tendencia.

“Es una guerra de clases y es mi clase la que está ganando”, Warren Buffett i

¿Muy poco oxígeno?

Es la cantinela de los últimos años: vivimos por encima de nuestras posibilidades, hemos creado agujeros que ahora hay que rellenar, no hay dinero para proyectos sociales, etc, etc. Para que la economía se vuelva a poner en marcha y crear empleo las empresas tienen que recibir más oxígeno, hay que reducir el Estado y la seguridad social. Por consiguiente, es necesario un “ tax shift ” [reforma fiscal] a beneficio de las empresas. Puede que temporalmente sea una carga pesada pero, según este razonamiento, si mejora la vida económica, a fin de cuentas nos beneficiaremos todos. Esta es la cantinela con la que nos bombardean los políticos y los laboratorios de ideas de derecha.

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Tasa de ganancia y la Acumulación de Capital en México, 1939-2010

Excelente conferencia sobre Tasa de ganancia y la Acumulación de Capital en México, 1939-2010, Dicha conferencia fue dictada por el catedrático Mtro.José Sandoval Manzano, de la UNAM de México. La conferencia es transmitida desde Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México, hacia la Universidad.

The fall of the rate of profit, simulation models and metamorphoses of capitalism

Marx, Profits and Fractal Properties: notes on countertendencies to the fall of the rate of profit, simulation models and metamorphoses of capitalism

Leonardo Costa Ribeiro, Pedro Mendes Loureiro and Eduardo Albuquerque (albuquer@cedeplar.ufmg.br)
Additional contact information

No 518, Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG from Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Abstract: What really matters to understand capitalist dynamics in the long run are the countertendencies to the tendential fall of the rate of profit. For researchers in 2015, with all historical and statistical information on capitalist dynamics (not available to Marx, Schumpeter or Bain), capitalism can be seen as an engine for the creation of countertendencies to the fall of the rate of profit. Since classical political economy (Smith, Ricardo, Mill) and Marx the behavior of the rate of profit is a key subject of investigation, that has been also investigated by Schumpeter, evolutionary economist and modern industrial economics. Contemporary debates on the rate of profit would have three advantages vis-à-vis previous rounds of this long-lasting discussion: 1) the MEGA Project has provided more information Marx’s works; 2) there are data on the long-term behavior of the rate of profit; 3) there are new tools to investigate the logic of capitalism as a complex system – a dialogue with physics is useful for this analysis. This paper combines different approaches and methods: a short review of the history of economic thought, lessons from economic history, data analysis of the movements of the rate of profit and a simulation model to test our understanding of those movements – a model based on two very simple rules, inspired on an interpretation of Marx’s insights about the contradictory interaction between the tendency and the countertendencies to the fall of the rate of profit. These different approaches and methods organize this paper.

Keywords: the rate of profit; Marx; MEGA2 Project; complex systems; metamorphoses of capitalism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: P16 O33 B51 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-hme, nep-hpe and nep-pke
Date: 2015-09
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Ben Bernanke and the ‘natural’ rate of return

Economic recoveries

Michael Roberts

Today, former head of the US Federal Reserve, Ben Bernanke launched his own economics blog through the Brookings Institution (http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/ben-bernanke).  As Ben put it, “Now that I’m a civilian again, I can once more comment on economic and financial issues without my words being put under the microscope by Fed watchers. I look forward to doing that—periodically, when the spirit moves me—in this blog. I hope to educate, and I hope to learn something as well”.
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David Harvey, monomaniacs and the rate of profit

Michael Roberts

David Harvey is a Distinguished Professor at the City University of New York (CUNY), Director of The Center for Place, Culture and Politics (http://pcp.gc.cuny.edu/) and author of numerous books. For over 40 years, he has been one of the world’s most trenchant and critical analysts of capitalist development. And he has developed a global audience for his on-line video lectures on reading Capital, (see http://davidharvey.org/). Harvey won the 2010 Isaac Deutscher prize for the best Marxist book of the year with The Enigma of Capital (http://www.amazon.com/Enigma-Capital-Crises-Capitalism/dp/0199836841).

I have commented on Harvey’s contributions to Marxist economics on various occasions on my blog.
https://thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2010/09/03/views-on-the-great-recession-david-harvey-and-anwar-shaikh/
https://thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2011/11/13/david-harvey-marxs-method-and-the-enigma-of-surplus/
https://thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2014/05/19/david-harvey-piketty-and-the-central-contradiction-of-capitalism/

Professor Harvey has always been critical of the view that Marx’s law of the tendency of the rate of profit to fall plays any significant role as a cause of crises under capitalism. In his award winning book, The enigma of capital, he states that “There is, therefore, no single causal theory of crisis formation as many Marxist economists like to assert. There is, for example, no point in trying to cram all of this fluidity and complexity into some unitary theory of, say, a falling rate of profit”.

Recently, Harvey has returned to this point in the presentation of an essay to the University of Izmir, Turkey in October. You can see a You tube screening of that presentation at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ZJrNgb-iiY&spfreload=10

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